Skills Framework for Built Environment

SkillsFuture Orange Banner of man with telescope

What Is it?

The Skills Framework (SFw) is a SkillsFuture initiative developed for the Singapore workforce to promote skills mastery and lifelong learning, and is an integral component of the Construction Industry Transformation Map and the Real Estate Transformation Map (for the Facilities Management sub-sector).

Jointly developed by SkillsFuture Singapore (SSG), Workforce Singapore (WSG) and Building and Construction Authority (BCA), together with industry associations, training providers, organisations and unions, the Skills Framework for Built Environment provides useful information on:

  • Sector information;

  • Career pathways;

  • Occupations and job roles;

  • Existing and emerging skills; and

  • Training programmes for skills upgrading and mastery.

Who Is It For?

Individuals who wish to join or progress within the Built Environment sector, to assess their career interest, identify relevant training programmes to upgrade their skills and prepare for the desired job roles.

Employers will be able to recognise these skills and invest in training their employees for career development and skills upgrading.

Training providers can gain insights on sector trends, existing and emerging skills that are in demand, and design programmes to address the industry needs accordingly.

How Does It Work?

The SFw for Built Environment contains information on career pathways, occupations, job roles, skills and competencies and training programmes.


(i) Sector Information

This section provides information for SFw for Built Environment including information on trends and workforce profiles in the sector.

Click here (PDF, 8.63 MB) to download the Guide to Occupations and Skills for the Built Environment sector.


(ii) Career Pathways

The Career Pathways show the possible options for vertical and lateral progression for advancement and growth.

Click here (PDF, 39.56 KB) to download the Career Pathways for the Built Environment sector.


(iii) Skills Maps

The Skills Maps covers a total of 49 job roles, critical work functions, key tasks and skills and competencies aligned to eight tracks.

Click here (ZIP, 7.34 MB) to download the Skills Map.


View the Occupations/Job Roles under the SFw for Built Environment

Architectural Consultancy and Design

  • Architectural Assistant

  • Architectural Executive

  • Senior Architectural Executive

  • Architectural Associate

  • Architect

  • Senior Architect

  • Associate Director (Architecture)/Principal Architectural Executive

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Engineering Consultancy and Design

  • Assistant Civil and Structural Engineer/Technical Executive (Civil and Structural Engineering)

  • Civil and Structural Engineer

  • Senior Civil and Structural Engineer

  • Associate Director (Civil and Structural Engineering)/Principal Civil and Structural Engineer

  • Assistant Mechanical Engineer/Assistant Electrical Engineer/Technical Executive (Mechanical Engineering)/Technical Executive (Electrical Engineering)

  • Mechanical Engineer/Electrical Engineer

  • Senior Mechanical Engineer/Senior Electrical Engineer

  • Associate Director (Mechanical Engineering/Electrical Engineering)/Principal Mechanical Engineer/Principal Electrical Engineer

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Quantity Surveying

  • Assistant Quantity Surveyor/Assistant Cost Manager

  • Quantity Surveyor/Contracts Manager/Cost Manager

  • Senior Quantity Surveyor/Senior Contracts Manager/Senior Cost Manager

  • Associate Director (Quantity Surveying)/Contracts Director

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Construction Management (Production)

  • Production Supervisor

  • Production Manager/Assistant Production Manager

  • Senior Production Manager

  • Quality Assurance Supervisor/Quality Control Supervisor

  • Quality Assurance Manager/Quality Control Manager/Quality Assurance Engineer/Quality Control Engineer/Planner

  • Senior Quality Assurance Manager/Senior Quality Control Manager/Senior Planner

  • Factory Manager

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Construction Management

  • Site Supervisor/Trade Supervisor/Project Coordinator

  • Engineer/Assistant Engineer

  • Assistant Project Manager (Construction)/Construction Manager

  • Senior Project Manager (Construction)/Project Manager (Construction)

  • Project Director (Construction)

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Project Management

  • Assistant Project Manager/Project Management Executive

  • Project Manager

  • Senior Project Manager

  • Project Director (Project Management)

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Digital Delivery Management

  • Assistant Specialist (Digital Delivery)

  • Specialist (Digital Delivery)

  • Lead (Digital Delivery)

  • Chief Digital Officer

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager

Facilities Management

  • Facilities Technician

  • Technical Officer

  • Technical Executive

  • Building Supervisor

  • Building Officer/Facilities Officer/Property Officer

  • Building Executive/Facilities Executive/Property Executive

  • Facilities Manager/Facilities Engineer

  • Senior Facilities Manager

  • Director/Managing Director/Chief Executive/General Manager


(iv) Skills and Competencies

The Skills and Competencies identified for each of the job roles fall under two broad classifications: (a) Technical Skills and Competencies, and (b) Critical Core Skills (previously known as Generic Skills and Competencies).

(a) Technical Skills and Competencies for the SFw for Built Environment

Technical Skills and Competencies comprise occupation/job-specific knowledge, skills and abilities that a person needs to have to perform the various tasks.

Click here (PDF, 109.04 KB) to download the Overview of Technical Skills and Competencies for the SFw for Built Environment.

View the the Technical Skills and Competencies for the SFw for Built Environment

Click here (ZIP, 21.33 MB) to download all Technical Skills and Competencies for the SFw for Built Environment.

Analytical Thinking

  • Analytical Method Validation

  • Analytics and Computational Modelling

  • Critical Thinking

  • Data Collection and Analysis

  • Design Thinking Practice

  • Research and Information Synthesis

  • Systems Thinking

Building Management

  • Building Management System Implementation and Control

  • Facilities Shut-down and Re-start

  • Security Surveillance Management

Business and Project Finance

  • Life Cycle Costing and Analysis

  • Measurement of Building and Construction Works

  • Project Cost

Business Management

  • Audit Management

  • Budgeting

  • Business Development

  • Business Innovation

  • Business Needs Analysis

  • Business Negotiation

  • Business Performance Management

  • Business Process Re-engineering

  • Business Proposal Writing

  • Business Risk Management

  • Change Management

  • Competitive Business Strategy

  • Engineering Management of Change

  • Ethical Climate

  • Financial Management

  • Partnership Management

  • Stakeholder Management

  • Strategy Development

  • Technical Presentation

  • Technical Writing

Construction Methods

  • Commissioning and Start-up Management

  • Construction Technology

  • Installation and Assembly


  • Aesthetic and Design Sensibility

  • Architecture Design 

  • Biophilic Design in Built Environment

  • Computational Design

  • Cultural, Heritage and Socio-economic Sensitivity for Design

  • Façade Design

  • Lighting Design Optimisation

  • Placemaking and Programming of Spaces

Discipline Engineering Specialisation

  • Civil and Structural Engineering Management

  • Geotechnical Engineering Management

  • Structural Testing

Engineering Design Management

  • Air Conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation System Design

  • Design for Maintainability

  • Design for Manufacturing and Assembly

  • Design for Safety

  • Design Standards and Specification

  • Electrical Systems Design

  • Fire Protection System Design

  • Lifts and Escalators Systems Design

  • Lightning Protection Systems Design

  • Natural Ventilation Design

  • Plumbing, Sanitary, Drainage and Gas Systems Design

  • Solar Photovoltaic Systems Designs

Environment Management

  • Building Strategy Implementation

  • Green Facilities Management

  • Indoor Environmental Quality Improvement

  • Value Analysis

  • Value Engineering

Equipment Management

  • Automated Equipment and Control Systems Configuration

  • Equipment and Systems Installation and Commissioning Management

  • Equipment and Systems Testing

  • Equipment Qualification 

Feasibility Assessment

  • Project Feasibility Assessment

  • Site Assessment and Analysis

  • Solar Photovoltaic Energy Assessment

Incident Management

  • Emergency Response Management

  • Incident and Accident Investigation

Information Technology Management

  • Applications Integration

  • Common Data Environment Management

  • Programming and Coding


  • Air Conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation Systems Maintenance 

  • Asset Management

  • Civil Structure Maintenance

  • Condition-based Assets Monitoring Management

  • Drainage, Plumbing and Sanitary Systems Maintenance

  • Electrical and Electronic Systems Maintenance

  • Escalator and Travelator Systems Maintenance and Management

  • Fire Protection System Maintenance

  • Lift Systems Maintenance and Management

  • Maintenance Scheduling

  • Maintenance Strategy Development

  • Smart Facilities Management

People Development and Management

  • Learning and Development

  • Manpower Planning

  • People Management

Process Improvement

  • Automated Process Design

  • Continuous Improvement Management

  • Innovation Management

  • Manufacturing Process Management

  • Process Improvement and Optimisation

  • Process Operations Troubleshooting 

  • Process Optimisation 

  • Process Unit and Utilities Operations Management

Procurement Management

  • Contract Administration and Management

  • Engineering Contract Management

  • Inventory Management

  • Procurement Coordination and Policy Development

Production Management

  • Additive Manufacturing

  • Automated Operation Monitoring

  • Automation Process Control

  • Engineering Support Management

  • Good Manufacturing Practices Implementation 

  • Lean Manufacturing

  • Manufacturing Systems Operation and Control

  • Material Studies and Production Processes

  • Plant Economic Modelling

  • Production Planning and Scheduling

  • Production Resource Management

  • Transportation Route and Schedule Planning

  • Warehouse Space Utilisation

  • Workflow Management

  • Yield Analysis

Project Management

  • Dispute Resolution

  • Project Management

  • Project Risk Management

  • Regulatory Submission and Clearance

Quality Management

  • Computerised Systems Validation

  • Materials Qualification

  • Process Control 

  • Process Monitoring

  • Process Validation

  • Product Testing

  • Product Testing Management

  • Quality Assurance Management

  • Quality Control Management

  • Quality System Management

  • Technical Inspection

  • Test Planning

Technical Drawing

  • 3D Modelling

  • Design Sketching

  • Engineering Drawing and Design Specifications

  • Engineering Drawing Interpretation and Management

  • Technical Drawing

Technology Management

  • Applications Support and Enhancement

  • Artificial Intelligence Application

  • Augmented Reality Application

  • Building Information Modelling Application

  • Emerging Technology Synthesis

  • Integrated Digital Delivery Application

  • Internet of Things Management

  • Performance Management

  • Robotic and Automation Technology Application

  • Systems Integration

  • Technology Application

  • Technology Road Mapping

  • Technology Scanning

Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Management

  • Engineering Safety Standards Interpretation

  • Workplace Safety and Health Culture Development

  • Workplace Safety and Health Framework Development and Implementation


(b) Critical Core Skills (previously known as Generic Skills and Competencies) for the SFw for Built Environment

Each job role in every Skills Framework developed has Generic Skills and Competencies (GSCs) identified. The GSCs are employability/transferable skills and competencies.


An industry review of the GSCs was conducted in 2019, culminating in the creation of the Critical Core Skills (CCS). Visit this link to access information about the CCS. Users of the Skills Framework can also locate the GSC-to-CCS mapping document and advisory there.

(v) Training Programmes

The Training Programmes provide information on skills acquisition that are available for new entrants and in-service personnel to acquire skills and competencies required for various job roles in the Built Environment sector. For list of courses in built environment click here.


(a) View the Training Programmes for new entrants

These are programmes that equip new entrants with skills and knowledge for the specific job role in the sector at their respective entry level. For list of courses in built environment click here.

(b) View the Training Programmes for in-service employees

For in-service employees who work in the Built Environment sector and who aspire to take on more challenging roles at work, you can identify and enrol in the training programmes listed here to acquire the relevant skills. These are programmes for in-service personnel to broaden or deepen specific skills and knowledge for the various job roles in the sector. For list of courses in built environment click here.




(c) View the Training Programmes for Critical Core Skills (previously known as Generic Skills and Competencies or GSCs)


These are programmes through which individuals can acquire the Critical Core Skills (CCS), which are transferable and can be applied across sectors. The CCS facilitate employability by supporting individuals in acquiring relevant Technical Skills and Competencies (TSCs) for various job roles in different sectors. Please visit this link to access the list of CCS training programmes offered by the Institutes of Higher Learning.


Skills Framework Templates


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    We encourage enterprises that are keen to learn how Skills Framework can enhance their Human Resource practices to sign up for the Skills Framework Workshop.


    HOW you will benefit

    • Understand the intent and purpose of the Skills Framework
    • Comprehend the components of the Skills Framework
    • Enhance HR practices in the areas of talent attraction, performance and career management, learning and development through the Skills Framework
    • Adopt the Skills Framework to improve people strategy and business outcomes


    WHO should attend

    • HR practitioners who: 
      • Develop strategic HR policies and processes
      • Develop in-house workplace learning tools and platforms
      • Review strategic alignment between corporate vision and human capabilities
    • Line managers and leaders who develop and deploy performance support tools


    Click HERE to register your interest for the workshop.